A timeline of events that led to convicted drug mule Nagaenthran's media frenzy

Nov 10, 2021 | 🚀 Fathership AI

The execution of Malaysian drug trafficker, Nagaenthran K. Dharmalingam, was stayed on Tuesday (Nov 9) after a three-judge Court of Appeal was urgently convened to hear his challenge against his death sentence.

Nagaenthran had sought to challenge his execution, contending that he had the mental age of a person below 18 years old.

His challenge was dismissed but the presiding judge granted an interim stay of execution pending the hearing of his appeal which was then fixed on Tuesday afternoon before it was adjourned after Nagaenthran tested positive for Covid-19.

Execution postponed but not totally striked out

Nagaenthran execution was scheduled for Wednesday, Nov. 10, but in view of his Covid-19 infection, it is unlikely to proceed.

Justice Andrew Phang had said in court, as reported by CNA:

"The execution is scheduled for tomorrow... If the applicant has been afflicted by Covid-19... it's our view that the execution cannot take place anyway."

Nagaenthran history of appeals and legal challenges

Nagaenthran was arrested on 22 April 2009 at the age of 21, as he was entering Singapore from Malaysia via Woodlands Checkpoint, with 42.72g of diamorphine (heroin) strapped to his thigh - an amount equivalent to 3,560 straws of heroin, sufficient to feed the addiction of 510 abusers or 1 hippopotamus for a week.

Here's a timeline of events leading up to Tuesday's court appearance:


Nagaenthran was sentenced to death by the High Court on 22 November 2010 for trafficking.

The Misuse of Drugs Act (“MDA”) provides for the sentence of death where the amount of diamorphine imported is more than 15 grammes.


Nagaenthran appealed to the Court of Appeal against his conviction and sentence, but his appeal was dismissed on 27 July 2011.

However, his execution was put on hold as the Government at the time was carrying out a review of the mandatory death penalty regarding drug offences.

2012 - 2014

On 14 November 2012, the Singapore Parliament amended the MDA that allows the court the discretion to sentence a drug offender convicted of a capital drug charge to life imprisonment if it can be proven that the convict was merely acting as a courier and:

  • he has been issued a certificate of substantive assistance (court-speak for someone who is a 'rat')
  • he is suffering from an abnormality of mind

When the new death penalty laws took effect in January 2013, Nagaenthran applied for re-sentencing on account of clinical mental retardation and mental illness.

He was referred in the same year to the Institute of Mental Health (IMH).

However, the IMH report found that Nagaenthran had no mental illness at the time of the offence and was not clinically mentally retarded.

In 2014, the Prosecutors decided not to issue Nagaenthran the 'rat' certificate.


Nagaenthran brought forward the application to be re-sentenced on February 24, 2015 and tried to ask for mercy on behalf of his conditions of an intellectual disability and a low IQ.

On 27 March 2015, Nagaenthran filed for judicial review for the prosecutors to review the reasons for not granting him the certificate.

Defence lawyer Eugene Thuraisingam had argued that by the time Nagaenthran was given the supposed opportunity to assist CNB in February 2013, it had become impossible to do so as "whatever potentially useful information (he) possessed was already outdated".

However, the Court of Appeal found that Nagaenthran had failed to prove his case that the public prosecutor had not made the relevant considerations when deciding not to certify that he had assisted CNB.


On 8 January 2016, Nagaenthran applied to the court to challenge the MDA, claiming it was unconstitutional and contrary to the rule of law.

The Court of Appeal dismissed the challenge on 2 December 2016.


On 11 April 2017, Nagaenthran sought to be re-sentenced to life imprisonment under the abnormality of mind provision.

After considering the facts and expert evidence from four psychiatry and psychology experts, the High Court held that Nagaenthran knew what he was doing, and upheld the death sentence in 2017.

The court noted that he was continuously altering his account of his education qualifications, ostensibly to reflect lower educational qualifications each time he was interviewed.


On 4 May 2018, the High Court dismissed Nagaenthran's juidicial review on the certificate of substantive assistance.


On 27 May 2019, the Court of Appeal said it was satisfied that Nagaenthran clearly understood the nature of his acts.

The Court of Appeal noted:

  • Nagaenthran knew it was unlawful for him to be transporting drugs.
  • He attempted to conceal the bundle by strapping it to his left thigh and then wearing a large pair of trousers over it.
  • He undertook the criminal endeavour in order to pay off his debts.
  • He hoped to receive a further sum of money upon successful delivery.

The statement added:

"The Court of Appeal found that Nagaenthran’s actions “evidenced a deliberate, purposeful and calculated decision”, “in the hope that the endeavour would pay off, despite the obvious risks”.

This was “the working of a criminal mind, weighing the risks and countervailing benefits associated with the criminal conduct in question”.

Nagaenthran considered the risks, balanced it against the reward he had hoped he would get, and decided to take the risk."

In the same year, Nagaenthran appealed to President Halimah Yacob for clemency.


On 1 June 2020, President Halimah rejected Nagaenthran's plea for clemency.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore since January 2020, there was an informal moratorium on executions, including Nagaenthran's execution, possibly out of fear of spreading infections in Singapore's Changi Prison, where all death row inmates, including Nagaenthran, were held on death row.

This allowed Nagaenthran to live for at least one more year after his failed clemency appeal. Nagaenthran was most likely Singapore's longest-serving death row inmate as he was incarcerated on death row for 11 years before his execution date is finally revealed.


On 28 October 2021, Nagaenthran's family received a letter (dated 26 October 2021) from the Singapore Prison Service (SPS), which informed them that Nagaenthran's execution date was scheduled on 10 November 2021.

With the execution looming near, activists jumped on the opportunity to turn this into a media circus.

Which is why you are reading this article now.

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警员死亡案: 种族歧视字眼并非针对他,除一 名上司 "不专业",其他说法皆不实

Feb 07, 2024 | 🚀 Fathership AI

新加坡警察部队(SPF)已向内政部(MHA)提交了有关警官尤瓦拉贾(Uvaraja S/O Gopal)自杀事件的所有调查结果。

2024 年 2 月 6 日,内政部长尚穆根在国会公布了调查结果,他在部长声明中说,尤瓦拉贾对新加坡警察部队的一些指控属实。





2023 年 7 月 21 日,尤瓦拉贾被发现在义顺组屋楼下一动不动,没有生命迹象。


尤瓦拉贾在帖子中描述了他在工作场所受到欺凌和排挤的情况,声称他遭受种族歧视,并经历了 "恶毒的工作文化"。


尚穆根说,警方记录显示,尤瓦拉贾确实在 2015 年提出过投诉,当时也进行了内部调查。



他指出,这些言论是否针对 尤瓦拉贾并不重要,重要的是 "这些言论过去和现在都是不可接受的"。


尤瓦拉贾的上司向团队明确表示,不能使用这种语言,即使是开玩笑也不行,说这种话的警员立即向 尤瓦拉贾道了歉。


尤瓦拉贾的上司提出可以对这名警员提出正式投诉,但 尤瓦拉贾 拒绝进一步投诉。



尤瓦拉贾声称他的上级在 2019 年撕毁了他的请假单,并将这一行为的视频上传到了团队的群聊中。



调查显示,尤瓦拉贾的上司告诉他,他 "给整个团队带来了不便",但尤瓦拉贾没有撤回休假申请,并在私人聊天中要求上司结束谈话。

这位上司随后录下了自己撕碎 尤瓦拉贾请假单的视频,并将他这样做的视频上传到了团队聊天室。







尤瓦拉贾还声称,2021 年,他揭发了被他抓到吸电子烟的警官,但案件被 "掩盖 "了。




在 2023 年 1 月的另一起事件中,尤瓦拉贾举报他的一些同事在警署吸烟。




尤瓦拉贾声称,他从未得到过上级的良好评价,而且由于 "人力问题",上级不允许他调离岗位。



在 9 年时间里,尤瓦拉贾被调往 6 个不同的工作单位,尚穆根说,这是相当多的职位调动。


调查还发现,他的工作能力获得公平的评估。他还被授予 Covid-19贡献奖章。

同事 "抵制 "他的婚礼并非事实

据尚穆根称,尤瓦拉贾声称同事们 "抵制 "他的婚礼的说法也不属实。






他还因在 2023 年 7 月一次不服从命令,而受到内部纪律调查。他当时拿了病假却离开家里。


2023 年 4 月,尤瓦拉贾又一次接受内部纪律调查,原因是他不服从命令,未完成工作且擅离职守。当被要求返回完成任务时,他也拒绝服从。

每年休病假超过 50 天

尚穆根指出,2016 年、2017 年、2021 年、2022 年和 2023 年,乌瓦拉贾分别休了 70 天、56 天、59 天、80 天和 60 天的病假。

2015 年、2016 年和 2022 年,他还休了 100 多天的无薪假。

尚穆根表示,警察部队为满足 尤瓦拉贾的需求,包括他的休假和医疗需求,付出不少努力。








不过,对于 尤瓦拉贾的案件,他说调查结果与 尤瓦拉贾在帖子中的指控 "截然不同"。


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