Summary

Pritam Singh呼吁政府考虑实施1300新元的全民最低工资标准

Oct 18, 2020 | 🚀 Fathership

反对党领袖兼工人党秘书长的Pritam Singh呼吁政府考虑实施1300新元的全民最低工资标准。

这是对人力部部长Josephine Teo以及全国职工总会秘书长Ng Chee Meng宣布成立一个新的三方工作组,研究如何提高更多行业低薪工人工资的回应。

普及最低工资是一项并行措施

Singh 于10月13日在脸书上发文称,普及最低工资是“道德需要”和“民族团结行为”:

“为新加坡工人普及最低工资不仅是一种道德要求,而是对如何定义新加坡人的一种声明。因为衡量我们社会的真正标准在于我们如何对待最脆弱的群体。”

他说,政府所采取的行业办法需要“太长时间”来落实,新工作组似乎坚持“最低工资加”的行业办法来帮助工人。

相反,将1300新元作为最低工资标准,可以作为一种“并行措施”,以补充探索提高各行业生产力和工资的方法,Singh建议道。

Singh补充说,这项全民最低工资可以接受定期审查。

最低工资加工作组

为新加坡工人普及最低工资不仅是一种道德要求,也是一种民族团结行为,在当今的经济环境中更有意义。

政府的最低工资加行业办法包括行业生产力和职业发展等其他方面,所有这些都不能令人抵触。这种以行业为基础的最低工资模式,问题在于推行时间太长。八年过去,它涵盖了三个部门。对于在这些行业之外工作的新加坡人来说,时间太长了。他们要等多久呢?这是我的同事Leon Perera在议会上提出的一个问题,目前还没有得到答复。

从昨天全国职工总会秘书长和人力部长的发言来看,低薪工人问题三方工作组似乎坚持采用最低工资加行业办法的形式来帮助工人。他们可以做的是考虑采取平行措施,立即施行以1300新元为基数的普遍最低工资,并接受定期审查,同时探索行业改进或如何有效做好提升版最低工资加中的提升的这一部分。

为新加坡工人普及最低工资不仅是一种道德要求,而是对如何定义新加坡人的一种声明。因为衡量我们社会的真正标准在于我们如何对待最脆弱的群体。在我最近分享的一篇BT文章中,许多商界领袖已经表示,他们赞成合理制定的国家最低工资标准。我希望雇主、企业、工会和政府将这一问题视为一个远远超越金钱的问题,还要视作我们民族团结的根本基础。

背景

在2020年大选期间,为所有工作的新加坡人实施最低实得工资是工人党宣言的一部分。

该党提议将全职工作的最低工资定为每月1300新元,此前的非全职工作按比例计算。

该宣言引用的政府数据显示,新加坡每平均四人的家庭每月需要花费1300新元用于购买衣食住行等基本生活用品。

它还指出,有超过10万新加坡人从事全职工作时,每月的实得工资低于1300新元。

在选举后的第一次议会上,来自反对党和人民行动党的议员们也就渐进工资模式和最低工资进行了实质性辩论。

下是议员们对这两种工资模式优点和缺点的总结:

https://mothership.sg/2020/07/minimum-wage-progressive-wage-model-differences/

https://web.facebook.com/watch/?v=3303030799752464

你可能已经听说过最低工资和渐进工资模式(PWM),这要归功于九月份议会的辩论。

但渐进工资模式到底是什么?渐进工资模式和最低工资有什么区别?又为什么要争论呢?🤔

我们试图一步一步解释这些和其他更多问题。

上图来自Josephine Teo脸书和工人党网站


➡️ Follow Fathership on Twitter
➡️ Get updates on Telegram

This commentator thinks MCI ad should not have featured poor Malays

May 12, 2022 | 🚀 Fathership
A Hari Raya advertisement by the Ministry of Communications and Information (MCI) was 'cancelled' by certain netizens online for depicting lower income Malays according to reality.

"Message for Syawal", a two-and-a-half-minute video published last month (Apr 30) captures moments in the life of a low-income Malay family living in a rental flat.

Storyline


Pictured: Screenshot from MCI video "Message for Syawal"

The video, which is peppered with Malay proverbs, shows the family moving out of their rental flat to a new home several years later where they celebrate Hari Raya.

The father of the family works as a mover while the mother is a housewife.

Their young son, Syawal, skips school to earn extra income for his family before a teacher flags his absence from school to his parents.

The mother in the video later decides to return to work to alleviate her family’s financial difficulties while the father gets a new job.


Pictured: Screenshot from MCI video "Message for Syawal"



Why some netizens are outraged

The video sparked backlash online, with some viewers saying that it contained stereotypes about the Malay community.

The stereotypes:
  • The father works as a mover - commonly perceived to be a low-income job
  • The mother is jobless
  • The son plays truant
  • The family lives in a rental flat for low-income earners

Commentator implied that poor Malays shouldn't be portrayed in public to prevent stereotypes


Pictured: Screenshot from Homeground Asia video

A video commentary by The Homeground Asia went further by criticizing how the video propagates the narrative that Malays are poor and lazy, and that the ministry should have created a video that is more relatable to both the less fortunate and the more affluent Malays.

Adi Rahman, one of the interviewees in the video went further by making sweeping assumptions that the ministry lacked cultural intelligence and did not consult the community on the narrative.

Ironically, in talking about inclusivity, Adi implied that the realities of poor Malays should not be shown in public.

For example, his rationale suggested that the video contained characters (the mover, jobless mother and the son who skips school) that contribute to the problem of other races seeing the Malays in a stereotypical and reductive light.

In other words, show the good stuff but not the reality.

Adi even accused the ministry for not consulting the Malays in the vetting of the video narrative.

His accusations were without merit, however, when the Ministry said in a statement (Apr 30) that Malay-Muslim viewers - presumably a focus group - had seen the video prior to its release, and perceived the story to be heart-warming, although some expressed reservations.


Pictured: Adi Rahman - one of the commentators in Homeground Asia video



Stereotyping or masking reality?

The ministry said last month (Apr 30) the video was meant to show "a family’s journey of resilience in facing challenging circumstances and how mutual support and encouragement could nurture the process”.

Other netizens felt it was an overreaction and that low-income families shouldn't be dehumanized in a way that they are removed from the conversation. They felt that the video was a call-to-action for those from the underprivileged to strive for a better life through hard work and seeking help that's already available.

The only missed opportunity in the MCI video was perhaps the suggestion that Malays in low income families living in a rental flat could not celebrate Hari Raya unless they get a flat on their own.

But of course, like Homeground Asia, that is also a sweeping assumption.