人民行动党政府陷入“衰败”了吗?新加坡国立大学副教授表示认同

Sep 21, 2020 | 🚀 Fathership

新加坡国立大学李光耀公共政策学院(LKYSPP)副教授陈思贤说:“人民行动党政府陷入衰败……新加坡的生存和成功的旧理论似乎已经过时了。”

陈教授上周(9月11日)在悉尼东南亚中心主办、澳洲新马社会研究中心(MASSA)协办的网络Facebook座谈会上发表了演讲,题为《新加坡2020年大选:真正的分水岭选举?》

长达一小时的网络会议主要讨论了新加坡在面对前所未有的经济挑战时的经济和政治方向。

人民行动党“今日无法自我革新”

陈教授将于2021年一月离开李光耀公共政策学院,前往香港浸会大学担任终身教授。他说,过去的大选结果表明,人民行动党“在许多方面都无法在今日进行自我革新”。

他补充说:“长期执政下,后殖民时期开国领袖在那个豪情时代原来的家长式和专制主义,到今天就显得少了气魄、缺乏变革,而“技术官僚”也显得不够鼓舞人心。”

他总结道,“人民行动党政府陷入衰败”

衰败——一个被胡乱使用但很少准确的用词

陈教授的结论是从新加坡历史的一种特定的宏观描述中得出的,他试图用这种描述来解释当今的事件。

陈教授在定义他使用的“衰败”一词时解释说,人民行动党政府“已达到其成就的巅峰”。

他在其讲话中建议,人民行动党政府不能再进一步固守由开国元勋建立的老治理方法。

他说,“……人民行动党政府反而似乎束缚于自我的历史中、以及一味叙述过去的成功模式。“

陈教授没有认识到的是,经济和技术进步带来的前所未有的威胁,这是李光耀时代的任何领导人都未曾面对过的威胁。

他也没有指出,由于新一代人民行动党领导人采取了强有力的措施来适应不断变化的地缘政治格局,新加坡在过去十年取得了显著的进步。

多年来,政府的财政审慎和稳健的货币政策使国家能够有效和积极地应对当前的新冠疫情。

新加坡人的生活质量也有所提高,新加坡在过去几年总体上都取得了良好的进步。

的确,系统仍存在一些问题。它不是完美的。但我们要问的不是它是谁的错,而是作为一个社会我们该去怎么做。

当社会或政府不再依靠其信念的勇气运作时,文明衰败就开始了。取而代之,它具有防御性、轻浮性和对抽象思维的不屑一顾——这些都是陈教授提到的人民行动党的特征。

但是,一个政府的真正衰败,是当其领导人变得骄傲而不能充分应对所面临的下一个挑战时;当政府的支持体系和愿景因缺乏行动而受到侵蚀时,以及当政府监禁敢于质疑其合法性的批评者时。

不同之处在于,政府是否有能力认识到这些问题并积极应对其物质、社会和政治环境所带来的挑战。

同时也要确保像陈教授这样的学者继续发声。


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Talent shortage in Singapore with 8 in 10 employers reporting difficulty in filling roles

Jun 15, 2022 | 🚀 Fathership

In ManpowerGroup Singapore's Q2 Employment Outlook Survey, the company revealed positive sentiments regarding pay increments and bonuses. In the latest edition of this report, for Q3, the sentiments have shifted towards hiring between the July to September 2022 period - labelled as "a record high" in the report.

In brief, Singapore’s net employment outlook (NEO) is at +40%, with the previous "record high" being in Q4 2011 at +31%. Further, employers surveyed in all 11 sectors (i.e. communications & media, manufacturing, and construction) anticipate positive headcount growth in Q3, with not-for-profit employers reporting "strongest" hiring intentions at 67%.

Despite the optimistic outlook, Singapore’s talent shortage level has been found to be at "its highest in 16 years", with more than eight in 10 (84%) employers reporting difficulty in filling roles. This statistic represented a 20% increase from 2021. Prior to that, talent shortage levels were quite high in 2018 at 56%, and in 2010 at 53%. According to the findings, the most difficult-to-fill roles are in restaurants & hotels (97%), other services (89%), and construction (88%).

That said, the "most sought-after" professions are: IT & data, operation & logistics, sales & marketing, manufacturing & production, and customer facing & front office. On top of that, employers are also looking at soft skills such as critical thinking & analysis, creativity & originality, resilience & adaptability, leadership & social influence, and reasoning & problem solving.

"The shift from pandemic to endemic has given companies greater clarity on their business outlooks," explained Linda Teo, Country Manager, ManpowerGroup Singapore. "Employers are ramping up their hiring due to a combination of factors like pent-up demand for manpower, employee attrition, and shortage of workers with the right skillsets."

Dissecting the local numbers

Filtering Singapore's NEO figure, analysts discovered that:

  • More than half (52%) of employers plan to hire;
  • More than one in 10 (12%) of employers expect a staffing decrease;
  • Close to four in 10 (35%) of employers plan to keep workforce levels steady, and
  • Less than five in 10 (2%) of employers are undecided about the hiring/talent scene.

In addition to not-for-profit employers having strong hiring intentions, those in other services (professional, scientific & technical, and administrative & support) similarly have positive intentions at 59%. These employers are then followed by those in banking, finance, insurance & real estate (56%), wholesale & retail trade (50%), and restaurants & hotels (46%).

A global perspective

Of the more than 40,000 employers surveyed across the globe, many are likewise expecting to hire more workers in the Q3 2022. According to findings, the global NEO is at +33% - which revealed hiring intentions to "increase year-over-year and quarter-over-quarter" respectively at +18% and +4%. In terms of per country/territory data, Mexico ranks top with a +59% NEO, while India has a +51%; Mainland China +29%, and Hong Kong +11%.

India's NEO is the strongest in the APAC region for the second consecutive quarter, up 13% since Q2. As for Hong Kong's NEO, it improved by 8% compared to Q2 2022, and by 10% compared to the previous year.

Looking at the hiring/talent scene, analysts discovered that digital roles continue to drive "most demand" with employers in IT & technology (+44%). This is followed by those in banking, finance, insurance & real estate (+38%), construction (33%), and manufacturing (33%).